The Daily Sun

The Daily Sun
The Daily Sun

Private University: A Culture of Higher Education in Bangladesh

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The private university Act is one of the significant and a very effective measure of
the past political governments. During the B.N.P government the private university
Act was passed in 1992. The Awami-league government had amended this Act in
1998. Nobody thought, in 16 years from 1992 to 2008, private university would
gradually attain the capability of giving guidance and applying authority in higher
education sector. But in reality it happened. In the history of higher education in
Bangladesh the private universities within a very short time were able to establish a
significant contribution. At least 50 private universities have so far been
established since 1992. As a result, a pressing competitive environment persists in
higher education sector. The students of ours interested in higher education are
gaining knowledge by stepping down in this competition. The private universities
are compelled to enhance the quality of education with a view to surviving in this
competitive situation. They have decreased the rate of tuition fees of the students
and taken up the initiative to give quality education at affordable expenses with a
hope to get more students and cope with the competition.

Equitable distribution of income

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By birth human beings are discriminated; some are well-off, some are partially
well-off and some are poor. Among the poor community a large section is poor by
birth. It is not an offence. They are also human beings. God has created them with
physical and mental power. The society is historically obliged on humanitarian
ground to rescue them from such unfortunate situation of ill fed. The poor also
possess talent and physical strength. We should try to provide the poor with food,
cloth, housing, education and health care. We should cultivate the culture of
improving the talents of the poor children by providing them with nutrition and
formal and informal education. So we should come forward with poverty
alleviation programme. Such programmes have been recognized socially politically
economically and historically in various forms at different times. For example
towards the end of thirteenth century, The Emperor Ashok, Babar Akbar and
Humayun supplied food for the poor from their storages. In religion there is a
provision of giving Zakat and monetary help so that the poor could add to their
income. But because of lack of specific law and enforcement of law Zakat is not
practiced that way. According to political economy poverty alleviation and
equitable distribution of national income are associated with economic
development religion and humanity. And the equitable distribution of income is as
strong as the frame of law to develop a country.

Bureaucracy to hold back the rein of Arabian horse of Development

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Rein and bridle are two synonymous word, the meaning of which is the same or
similar. Rein is a long narrow band of leather that is used to fence around a
horse’s head in order to control it. Bridle is also a set of leather bands put
around a horse’s head to control its movements or to curve the horse’s
movement in an expected direction. Here, the expected direction of the
Governmental activities is to reach or achieve the goal of national development.
When we change the direction or the policy guide of the Government
intentionally, which deviates us or slows-down our national mission and vision
of development, is briefly entitled as a “Bureaucracy: To hold back the Rein of
Arabian Horse of Development.”

Education Policy: Secondary and Higher Secondary Education

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The objective of education is to develop the human life comprehensively. It can be
said elaborately that the objective of education is to form a constructive and
virtuous society showing respect to law and judiciary system, being devoted to the
society, being inclined to religion and increasing social morality and eradicating
crime from the society. A constructive society needs knowledgeable and skilled
citizens. They are expected to ensure the development and prospect of the society
through standard management and diligence. They are also expected to earn
foreign currencies by increasing export. In addition, they will lead the country to
be a prosperous one. The education system has to be rearranged to make such type
of citizens. The children will acquire good command of Bangla,English and of
respective subjects following the reformed curriculum and syllabus. So, they will
be able to prepare themselves to face the challenge of on-going reality. The
reformation of the principle of education i.e. curriculum is the foremost necessity
to fulfill this objective.

The Welcoming Regional Transit Facility

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Since the independence of Bangladesh, we do not have any inter-regional transit
facility just by being the fact that some neighboring countries including Bangladesh
have been remaining anti-Indian. Neither are those any good for the Asian and the
SAARC countries, nor is it doing any benefit to the growing and promising
developing country of Bangladesh. Let us forget about other countries or what is
happening in their benefit from regional trade. Bangladesh has not been able to reap
the benefit from the regional trade for about more than 40 years since its
independence. Is it acceptable to us in Bangladesh? Not at all. Nor are these acceptable
to any other countries in Asia including India in particular. Preciously speaking, we
must do it by creating transit facilities between neighboring countries, SAARC
countries, the countries situated in the Middle-Eastern and the nearby Asian countries
context including China and Myanmar.

Investment-Friendly Budget 2011-12

This is a break-through stage in the economy of the Bangladesh with a transition
period from agriculture to industry. It doesn’t mean that the importance of
agriculture has been decreased. Economic break-through and the economic
transition from agriculture to industry means that the recent economic stage
deserves to emphasize on physical and non-physical infrastructure and industrial
development. It is worthwhile to mention that over-populated economy of
Bangladesh may be better utilized by investing in a plenty of labor intensive
industry. China is the most populated and a country of labor intensive
neighboring to Bangladesh. China has recently been placed in the second
position of world economy by overstriping Japan. China would be in a
competitive position with U.S.A in a decade from now. The engine of economic
growth in China is the labor intensive industry operated by educated and skilled
manpower. Very recently, minimum wage of Chinese labor has increased to a
substantial level. So the soil of China is not very attractive any more to quite a
few domestic and international investor and multinational company in China.

Environment: Dhaka and surroundings

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Bangladesh is the most populated country in the world, where 950 people live per
square kilometer. Dhaka is the most densely populated city of the country. The
population of Dhaka is about 1 crore and 25 lacs which is double of the population
of Singapore of 60 lacs. In Bangladesh 75% people live in villages while 25% live
in towns. Rural to Urban migration is increasing every day. The rate of
urbanization in Bangladesh is relatively more than that of our neighboring country
India. The density of our city population does not decrease due to Rural-to-Urban
migration. The main reasons for this are the lack of employment, trade and
commerce and the related facilities for the life and living in villages. The problem
of housing in Dhaka has always been increasing. To solve this housing problem is
vital and essential for the city dwellers and for Dhaka in particular. Environment in
a city means a vvariety of things.

Private sector and productivity

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A country’s overall development will depend on agriculture, industry, health,
service-sector, communication, housing, technology and their simultaneous
improvement. To fulfill human being’s basic need food, cloth, education, health,
accommodation, entertainment and many more things are needed. To produce
these things government and private sectors come forward. In some cases both
government and private sectors work together. In this modern age we can see that
for the development of life and living quality, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and
development of Net National Product (NNP) all these statistically depends on the
production and productivity of private sector.

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